The Kingdom of the Netherlands is a transcontinental sovereign state. Its main jurisdiction is the Netherlands, located in northwestern Europe, member of the BENELUX and the European Union, known for a flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills and cycling routes. It borders to the north and west with the North Sea, to the south with Belgium and to the east with Germany. The Kingdom also comprises the constituent Caribbean territories of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the dependent special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba).
Frequently known by the name of its most influential and relevant historical region, Holland, the country is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with 41 543 sq. km and 17 million inhabitants. Its capital is Amsterdam, although the The Hague is the seat of government. Its official language is Dutch, but English is widely spoken among its population. Other regional languages include Frisian and Papiamento. The legal tender currencies of the Kingdom are the Euro (EUR) in Netherlands, the US Dollar (USD) in the Caribbean Netherlands, the Aruban Florin (AWG) in Aruba, and the Netherlands Antillean Guilder (ANG) in Curaçao and Sint Marteen.
Netherlands is one of the most developed states worldwide, ranking seventh in the Human Development Index (HDI) (2016). Its economy is characterized by stable industrial relations, low unemployment, an a surplus in the trade balance, being an important commercial hub in Europe. In the industrial activity predominates the agro-industries, steel products and aluminum, metal and engineering, machinery and electrical equipment, bulk chemicals, natural gas, petroleum products, construction, transportation equipment, microelectronics and fishing.
A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only about 2% of the labor force but generates large surpluses for the food industry and for export, being the third worldwide. Its main agricultural products are dairy products, poultry, meat, livestock, flower bulbs, flowers, vegetables and fruits, sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, barley.
The Services sector accounts almost three quarters of the GDP, and mainly comprised by tourism, commerce, hotels, restaurants, transportation, storage and communications and financial services (banking and insurance).
Netherlands has an attractive tax regime for tax optimization, attracting the establishment of holding companies, which under certain conditions may not pay taxes on the dividends and profits reported by their subsidiaries. In addition to be one of the countries with more tax treaties to avoid double taxation.
Regarding the Kingdom’s overseas territories, Aruba, Curaçao and the Caribbean Netherlands offer great advantages for offshore companies. Depending on the activity and sector in which they operate, and subject to certain conditions, companies can either achieve a total tax exemption, low tax or be taxed at an annual fixed rate.
At Flag Theory, we help you find the best locations globally to build your life internationally and increase your freedom, privacy and wealth. Below, you can find why and how to get residency and citizenship in Netherlands, set up a company, banking options and investment opportunities in Netherlands, Aruba or Curaçao.